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阅读 2293 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:Hero(2011/10/27 12:02:23) 最新编辑:Hero(2011/10/27 12:02:23)
洪灵菲
同义词条:洪伦修,洪子常
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  洪灵菲(1902—1933.7.30) 原名洪伦修,字子常,常用笔名还有林曼青、林荫南、李铁郎等。生于广东潮安。1922年考入广东高等师范学校,曾参加学生运动。1925年沙基惨案发生后,他做了大量组织和宣传工作。1927年大革命失败,遭反动政府通缉,流亡香港、新加坡和暹罗(今泰国)等地。同年冬抵达上海,先后在中共泸西区委、江苏省委宣传部和全国反帝大同盟工作,并在中华艺术大学任教。此时开始创作自传长篇小说(流亡)以及《前线》,《转变》等作品,多以革命斗争为题材,表现小资产阶级和工农群众的觉醒。同时与戴平万、杜国庠等组织我们社,出版《我们》月刊;并翻译了高尔基的《我的童年》等作品,写了一些短文,论述文学与政治、文学与阶级、文学与群众的关系。1930年3月“左联”成立,他是发起人和7个常委之一。1933年奉调到北平中共中央驻平全权代表秘书处工作,7月26日因叛徒告密被捕,遭反动当局秘密杀害。

洪灵菲著作书目


  流亡(长篇小说)1928,现代

  前线(长篇小说)1928,上海晓山书店

  转变(长篇小说)1928,亚东

  明朝(长篇小说)1929,亚东

  归家(短篇小说集)1929,现代

  气力出卖者(中篇小说)1930,乐华

  两部失恋的故事(短篇小说)1930,亚东

  大海(短篇小说)1930,乐华;1984,花城

  洪灵菲选集(长篇小说)1951,开明

  洪灵菲选集(小说集)1982,人文

洪灵菲翻译书目


  我的童年(长篇小说)苏联高尔基着,1930,亚东

  地下室手记(长篇小说)俄国陀思妥耶夫斯基着,1931,湖风

  赌徒(长篇小说)俄国陀思妥耶夫斯基着,1933,湖风

铁骨寒香的洪灵菲


  对于今天的人们来说,洪灵菲的名字已显得陌生,但在中国共产党的党史上,在上世纪二三十年代的文坛,洪灵菲是一颗耀眼的星。

  洪灵菲,原名洪伦修,1902年出生于潮安县江东洪砂乡,父亲是个落第秀才,家境清贫。他自小聪颖、好学,小学毕业后,考进广东省金山中学,1922年进国立广州高等师范学校(中山大学前身)。他品学兼优,是郁达夫最喜爱的高材生。在高师读书期间,家里为他包办婚姻,对象是一位目不识丁的农家女。他虽然为此反抗,但一切无济于事,最终屈就于封建礼教的淫威。于是他颓废、痛苦、逃避。第一次国共合作时期,洪灵菲积极投身学生运动,从一个消极、悲观、失望者成长为一个有朝气、有作为的青年,并从此走上革命的道路,成长为一名共产党员。这期间洪灵菲与志同道合的热血青年、潮汕姑娘秦静结为伉俪。

  1927年4月12日,蒋介石发动反革命事变,破坏国共合作,清洗,杀害了大批共产党员和革命志士。当天一早,军警冲到中山大学搜捕洪灵菲,却扑了空,洪灵菲夫妇早已在组织安排下安全转移,恼羞成怒的敌人将睡在洪灵菲床上的许涤新逮走。羊城已是腥风血雨,洪灵菲辗转香港避难,又受到港英当局的驱逐。于是夫妻俩装扮成商人和富家女返回汕头。抵汕后,发现到处有国民党对他的通缉令,洪灵菲马上剃光头、赤足,背上市篮,只身远赴南洋,到暹罗、新加坡避难,谁知当地白色恐怖也特别严重,他只好流落街头,夜宿街边墙角,备尝辛酸苦楚。几个月后,闻知周恩来、朱德领导的“八·一”南昌起义消息,便马上回国。船抵汕头埠,才知贺龙、叶挺已率部退出潮汕,汕头市区一片死寂,于是便返回故乡,暂时匿藏。到了冬天,才前往上海,并恢复了党的组织关系,也就在这一时期,他开始大量写作,与杜国庠、戴平万等成立了“我们社”,主编《我们》月刊,创办“晓山书店”。

  1928年春,洪灵菲自传体小说《流亡》出版,成为当时的畅销书,他也成为当时最畅销书的作家之一。洪灵菲一边为党工作,一边夜以继日辛勤写作,短短二年时间,出版了近二百万字的作品,其中包括长短篇小说、论文、诗歌。作品多发表于《我们》、《太阳月刊》、《海燕》、《大众文艺》等刊物。其中洪灵菲有一首长诗《在货车上》,是为女战友谭澹如烈士写的。这首轰动一时的长诗国内已无法找到,但当年日本人在上海开的“内山书店”已将其翻译成日文,刊登在日本的刊物。洪灵菲除创作外,还翻译过高尔基《我的童年》和陀思妥耶夫斯基的《赌徒》。这里有一段小插曲。当年洪灵菲由于工作繁重,妻子又要坐月子,便请来一位保姆,这保姆年纪轻轻便守寡,为人诚实忠厚,手脚勤快,少言语,很适合他们家做地下工作的要求。经过一段时间的观察,夫妇把她发展成为党员。后来,为了党的事业,“保姆”调到了地下党中共机关去工作,在党的培养下,她到过苏联留学,解放后还任吉林省总工会副主席,1963年她还在《吉林日报》上刊登了一篇《忆灵菲》的文章,并因此与洪的家人取得了联系。

  1930年3月,左翼作家联盟成立,洪灵菲是发起人和七个常委之一。当时的进步作家都围绕在左联的旗帜下,开展抗日反蒋宣传。反动势力对之恨之入骨,国民党当局再次通缉洪灵菲。晓山书店被封,洪灵菲的作品被禁止出版,为了转移敌人视线,他停止写作,转入地下。1933年2月,党组织秘密将他全家调往北平,任中共中央驻北平全权代表秘书处处长,负责管理华北六省党的重要文件。同年7月26日,由于叛徒阮锦云的出卖,洪灵菲到李大钊烈士侄女家的时候被捕,随后他的夫人秦静马上销毁重要文件,但在撤出北平的时候,也在火车站被捕。

  洪灵菲被捕后,坚守党的机密,坚贞不屈。1934年中秋前后,年仅32岁的洪灵菲被枪杀于南京雨花台。

  洪灵菲烈士就义的日期已不可考,尸骨埋于何处更无人知道,没有坟墓,也没有纪念碑,但他的灵魂和精神是不朽的。


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