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阅读 3822 次 历史版本 1个 创建者:ssn(2011/10/19 14:10:41) 最新编辑:ssn(2011/10/19 14:45:00)
勒杜鹃
拼音:Lēi Dùjuān(Lei Dujuan)
英文:Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd
同义词条:勒杜鹃花,叶子花,簕杜鹃,三角梅,九重葛,宝巾,Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  勒杜鹃,又名叶子花、簕杜鹃、三角梅、九重葛、宝巾。学名:Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd。紫茉莉科,叶子花属。原产于南美巴西秘鲁阿根廷;常绿木质大藤本植物,枝条常拱形下垂。花多数为3朵聚生一处。

  勒杜鹃其花色多样:有淡红、大红、紫红、淡黄、乳白、一株多色;也有单办与复办之分。容器栽培,可以裸根移植,成活率高,故能远途托运。

盆景勒杜鹃
盆景勒杜鹃
紫花勒杜鹃
紫花勒杜鹃
姹紫嫣红勒杜鹃
姹紫嫣红勒杜鹃


  







  园林应用:华南及西南暖地多植于庭园、宅旁,常设立栅架或让其攀援山石、园墙、廊柱而上。勒杜鹃造型树桩、造型盆景,更是千姿百态,魅力无穷。

  勒杜鹃适应地区:勒杜鹃在中国引种有百余年的历史,现已成为乡土树种。为热带植物,喜高温高湿的气侯环境,亦较耐干热,不耐寒冷,忌霜冻。中国北回归线以南,可在露地安全越冬,华南北部以至华中、华北的广大地区,均只宜作盆栽,冬季移入室内或温棚内。

  勒杜鹃的特点:对土壤肥力的要求不高,沙土或粘土均宜,能耐水湿,亦较能耐旱。树干多刺,易发生徒长枝,如果任其自然生长,多参差成刺蓬状,影响外形美观。因此,盘卷和修剪徒长枝,控制树形,是勒杜鹃管理中的重要工作。

  勒杜鹃的栽培管理:肥力较差的土壤,可追施磷、钾肥,少施氮肥,一般土壤可不施肥,以免生长过快。因它的萌芽力极强,可耐多次修剪,栽培作盆花的,更应早期修剪卷枝,矮化植株。培育作桩景的,则宜老株截干,培育老蔸。


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