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阅读 1605 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:鹏城华仔(2011/9/21 14:24:04) 最新编辑:鹏城华仔(2011/9/21 14:24:04)
和平县
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和平县的地理位置
和平县的地理位置
和平县位于中国广东省东北部,处在东江上游,属于河源市管辖。东边与广东省龙川县相邻,南边与广东省东源县相邻,西边与广东省连平县相邻,北边与江西省龙南县、定南县相连。和平县总面积为2310平方公里,2008年人口49.84万人。县政府驻地在阳明镇。

  春秋战国时期,和平属百越之地。公元前214年,秦始皇平定南越后,和平属南海郡龙川县地。明正德(1518年)置和平县。自中华人民共和国成立之后,1962年-1988年属惠阳专区,1988年后至今属于河源市管辖。



历史沿革


  据《禹贡》记载,上古时全国分为九州,和平属杨州。春秋时,和平属百越地。战国时,和平境内称杨越地。

  秦始王33年(前214年)设南海郡,和平属南海郡龙川县。
广东省和平县
   广东省和平县


  隋高祖(杨坚)开皇11年(591年)设循州总管府,龙川县并入河源县,和平属循州总管府河源县。

  唐高祖武德五年(622年)复设循州,析河源设石城县,和平属循州石城县。

  唐太宗贞观元年(627年)石城县并入河源县,和平属循州河源县。

  唐中宗嗣圣(周武化天授二年<691年>)循州改称雷州郡并设雷乡县,和平属雷乡郡雷乡县。

  唐元宗天宝元年(742年)雷乡郡改称还丰郡,和平属还丰郡雷乡县。

  唐肃宗乾元二年(759年)海丰郡改和循州,和平属循州雷乡县。

  五代(南汉)乾亨六年(922年)复称龙川县,和平属循州龙川县。

  宋微宗宣和二年(1119年)龙川县改称雷江县,和平属循州雷江县。

  宋高宗绍兴三年(1113年)复称龙川县,和平属循州龙川县。元代循州升留,和平属循州路龙川县。

  明洪武二年(1369年)循州并入惠州,和平属惠州府龙川县。

  明正德十三年(1518年)都御史、南赣巡抚王守仁(王阳明)帅师平叛,督兵镇平现和平属浰源(浰头)、上陵等处农民起义。遂奏朝廷,添设和平县治,经核准割龙川县属和平、仁义、广三图(都)和河源县属惠化图以及江西龙南县邻界一里以内的地域,设立县治。

  明正德15年(1520年)县治所建毕,始立学、择贤设治,并沿用原龙川县和平县图的和平峒之“和平”两字为县名,始定为和平县,县城设在原和平图的和平峒(羊子埔),即阳明镇。

  明崇祯6年(1633年)析和平县属惠州化图建立连平州。另割河源县辖地忠信图补入和平县,属惠州府辖。

  清代及民国期间无变易。

  1949年1月1日,在和平县属青州山塘成立连(平)和(平)县人民政府。属九连地委辖。

  1949年6月2日,成立和平县人民政府(宋列、水溪、太湖3乡分割给连平),属东江行署(也称专员公署)辖。

  1958年11月与连平县合并称九连县。

  1959年2月县政府迁往忠信后,称连平县。

  1960年7月6日,县政府迁回阳明镇改称和平县,属韶关专区辖。

  1962年6月与连平县分立,恢复和平县,属惠阳地区辖。

  1988年设立河源市,隶属河源市辖县

  2000年,和平县辖20个镇:阳明镇、大坝镇、下车镇、上陵镇、贝墩镇、礼士镇、公白镇、古寨镇、东水镇、长塘镇、合水镇、优胜镇、安坳镇、附城镇、青州镇、林寨镇、热水镇、彭寨镇、粮溪镇、浰源镇。据第五次全国人口普查数据,全县总人口350760人.

  2002年,和平县辖20个镇(彭寨、东水、林寨、热水、附城、安凹、阳明、大坝、上陵、下车、长塘、贝墩、古寨、粮溪、礼士、公白、合水、青州、浰源、优胜)。

  截至2005年12月31日,和平县辖17个镇(阳明、彭寨、东水、林寨、热水、大坝、上陵、下车、长塘、贝墩、古寨、礼士、公白、合水、青州、浰源、优胜)。

行政区划


  2005年5月辖17个镇:阳明镇、彭寨镇、东水镇、林寨镇、热水镇、大坝镇、上陵镇、下车镇、长塘镇、贝墩镇、古寨镇、礼士镇、公白镇、合水镇、青州镇、浰源镇、优胜镇。现政府驻地为阳明镇。

民族、语言


  和平县以汉族客家人为主。另外有少数畲族和壮族。

  全县通用客家话,部分地区通行口音较接近粤语的本地土话。

经济发展


  社会总产值(1990年不变价,下同)7.88亿元,国民生产总值4.26亿元,工农业总产值5.69亿元,国民收入3.70亿元,农村人均纯收入1721元。

  和平县物产丰富,盛产“万家香”优质米、中华猕猴桃、香菇、反季节蔬菜及茶叶、柿子等,是华南优质稻生产基地和全国最南端猕猴生产基地,生产及经销已达到相当规模。工业产品有“聪明人”牌猕猴桃果汁、果奶饮品、和平贝墩米酒、“和平牌”铝活塞、“益尔”药剂系列产品、锆系列产品、"双燕牌"系列饮品及竹木制品等。产品旺销县内外,部分产品销往国外。县委县政府二00二年冬作出决定,加大中草药材、农副产品的开发力度,拟多渠道引资兴办中草药材、农副产品批发市场。

  为了实施“外向带动”战略,和平县着力优化投资软硬环境,积极为外来投资者和外来投资企业提供便利、优质、高效的服务。修订和完善了新的优惠政策,建立联合办证大厅,兴办工业园区,改善交通、通讯、能源、市政等基础设施条件,改善生态环境和人居环境,努力营造“全方位抓开放,全社会抓招商,全过程抓服务”的氛围,以掀起招商引资热潮。目前,全县已有60多户外来投资企业落户该县。

和平县旅游


  和平县地处九连山区、旅游资源较为丰富。著名的景点有:河明亮绿色生态湖、热水漂流、李田仙岩羊角奇石风动磐石


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