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阅读 1135 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:冰若寒(2012/1/24 13:44:22) 最新编辑:冰若寒(2012/1/24 13:44:22)
肖友梅
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  
中山人的骄傲——肖友梅
中山人的骄傲——肖友梅
出生于1884年的作曲家肖友梅,字雪朋,号思鹤,是广东香山即今中山人,他在中国现代音乐史上留下了许多“第一”的纪录,他是中国现代音乐事业的拓荒者,是中国专业音乐教育的奠基者,还是专业音乐创作的先行者,音乐理论研究的探索者。

  肖友梅17岁时即自费留学日本,是中国第一位出国学习音乐的留学生。

  肖友梅21岁在东京曾随孙中山干革命并经孙先生介绍加入同盟会,是该组织最早的成员之一。曾掩护过孙先生的革命活动,是中国第一位参加孙中山直接领导的同盟会的音乐工作者。

  1912年民国成立,孙中山委以临时大总统府秘书要职。同年10月,赴德国专攻音乐。1916年以长篇论文《17世纪以前中国管弦乐队的历史的研究》获哲学博士学位,成为中国第一位获此种学位的音乐家。这篇论文也是中国第一篇研究民族音乐的学术着作。

  1922年,协助蔡元培建立了北京大学附设音乐传习所,这是中国近现代第一所具有相对独立性的专门音乐教育机构。

  次年,创办了中国现代第一个管弦乐队——北大音乐传习所附设小型管弦乐队,自任指挥。

  1927年,他到上海创建了中国现代第一所完备的高等音乐教育机构——国立音乐院,后改为上海国立音乐专科学校。在长达20年的教育工作中,为中国培养了现代最早的一大批音乐专门人才,为中国现代音乐文化事业的发展奠定了良好的基础。

  他是中国第一首室内乐、第一首管弦乐、第一首铜管乐的作曲者,是中国跨越业余作曲进入专业音乐创作的第一人。

  1924年,“五四运动”五周年,他写出了合唱《五四纪念爱国歌》,这是中国第一首以“五四”为题材的歌曲。

  1928年,写出了《国耻》等三首歌曲,是中国最早的抗日歌曲之一。

  1931年“九一八”之后,写出了《从军歌》,是中国第一批以救亡为题材的爱国歌曲之一。

  1922年写出了《问》,是肖先生最有影响的一首歌。“你知道今日的江山,有多少凄惶的泪”点明了“问”的主题是对于当时军阀混战,山河残破的祖国深沉的忧虑。

  编撰了中国第一部实际应用于音乐教学的西洋音乐史教材和中国音乐史教材。

  撰写了中国第一份介绍欧美音乐教育机构的调查报告。

  肖友梅又是第一位用比较的方法对中西音乐进行研究的音乐学者。

  可惜的是,1940年,肖友梅仅56岁就离开了人间,是中国音乐界的重大损失。


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