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阅读 1715 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:冰若寒(2011/12/13 10:43:41) 最新编辑:冰若寒(2011/12/13 10:43:41)
潮州文化
拼音:Cháozhōu Wénhuà (Chaozhou Wenhua)
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  
潮州市第二届文化旅游节
潮州市第二届文化旅游节
历史文化名城潮州位于广东省最东端,素有“海滨邹鲁”、“岭海名邦”之称。潮州历史悠久,建制至今已有1600多年,是“潮州文化”的发祥地。潮州文化底蕴深厚、文化传统独特、文化资源丰富,素有“海滨邹鲁”、“岭海名邦”的美称。潮州文化是在历史发展的长河中逐步形成的优秀文化,以门类齐全、特点突出、色彩鲜明着称,她不囿于潮汕这个区域,凭借自己的魅力,植根潮汕、播向全国、走向世界。在潮州文化的发展中,我们注重传承保护、创新发展,使潮州文化富有魅力、充满活力。

  潮州古城三山环抱,一江潆绕。市区东北群峰连绵,西南桑浦山石奇洞怪,东南平原沃野如黛,碧海无涯,韩江、黄冈河自北向南贯穿全境,风光绮丽。潮州市内有古城墙、古寺、古桥、古塔、古祠、古牌坊、古民居等文物胜迹700多处。深宅幽巷之间,充盈着久远历史的气息。

  一是文物古迹星罗棋布。悠久的历史,给潮州留下了深厚的文化遗产。全市有文物景点1300多处,其中国家重点文物保护单位8处、省级文物保护单位11处。有始建于唐代、全国现存不多的开元镇国禅寺,有彰显潮州文化内涵及历史风貌国内少有的牌坊街,有中国四大古桥之一、被誉为世界第一座启闭式桥梁的广济桥,有全国现存历史最久远、保存最完整的纪念唐代大文学家韩愈的专祠,有被誉为“国内罕见的宋代府第建筑”的许驸马府,有木雕艺术可与故宫媲美的己略黄公祠,有反映唐宋时期潮州陶瓷生产繁荣景象的笔架山宋窑遗址,有中国最大的城堡式族居八角围楼、有被誉为“民族建筑之花”的道韵楼。

  二是文化特色亮丽鲜明。以潮州话、潮剧、潮州工夫茶、潮州音乐、潮州菜、潮州木雕、潮绣为代表的潮州文化,是中华民族优秀文化的重要组成部分。全市拥有市级“非遗”保护项目28个,其中省级“非遗”保护项目24个、国家级“非遗”保护项目12个,数量居广东各市前列。潮州音乐起源于唐、宋,在音律、调式、曲式结构、乐器组合、变奏手法等方面都具有科学章法和美学依据。潮剧至今已500多年历史,以语言形象生动、唱腔轻宛优美等特色而深受人们喜爱。潮绣始于唐代,以绣、垫、贴、拼、缀五种绣法为主要特点,共有200多种独特针法,在国内外享有盛誉。潮州木雕始于唐代,以金漆立体、多层镂通而独树一帜,具有较高的艺术价值和收藏价值。潮州工夫茶是唐代中国茶艺传承至今的活化石,是一种雅俗共赏的文化习俗。

  三是文化发展推陈出新。为传承和创新潮州文化,我们以“五个一批”工程建设为抓手,着力“修复一批文物景点、振兴一批传统工艺、建设一批文化设施、创作一批文化精品、做大一批文化产业”。同时,加强对历史文化的深度研究,成立了潮州文化研究中心、广东潮文化研究基地等机构,编辑出版了《潮州文化研究》和《潮州凤凰山畲族文化》等系列丛书,广泛开展潮学研究以及侨批文化、畲族文化和韩愈文化等学术研讨活动,从而使传统文化得到发扬光大。我们坚持文化公共服务功能,相继建成潮州人民广场、饶宗颐学术馆、文化艺术馆和博物馆等一批大型公共文化设施,使潮州文化充满活力。

  四是文化产业快速发展。以潮州文化为核心的文化产业迅猛发展,成为潮州经济的重要组成部分。潮州陶瓷融入了精致细腻的潮州文化特色,以“清新、素雅、细腻、玲珑”形成了中国陶瓷的独特风格,使潮州成为全国最具活力、发展最快、规模最大、出口量最多的陶瓷产区,日用陶瓷、工艺陶瓷、卫浴陶瓷出口量分别占全国的23%、70%和55%,电子瓷基体产量占全球一半,造就潮州“中国瓷都”地位。潮州婚纱晚礼服由于大量采用潮绣工艺技法而显得华贵,在国内外享有较高声誉,成为引领欧美婚纱晚礼服消费潮流的名牌产品,潮州成为国内最大的婚纱晚礼服生产出口基地。此外,以潮州古城文化旅游区为载体,先后投资了10多亿元,修复了广济门城楼、宋代许驸马府、广济桥、太平路牌坊街等一批在海内外具有较强影响力的重点文物和历史街区,初步恢复了明清潮州古城风貌,促进了潮州文化旅游产业快速发展。连年来,全市旅游收入、接待国内外游客年均增长超过20%.

  以潮州话、潮剧、潮州工夫茶、潮州陶瓷为代表的潮州文化,既保留了中原文化精粹,又闪烁着海洋文化和周边地方文化光华。自古就有“到广不到潮,白白走一遭”的民谣。

  一、民俗文化:潮州民俗文化独特。潮州方言、潮剧、潮州音乐、潮州大锣鼓、潮州菜、潮州工夫茶、潮州民俗风情等,无不具有鲜明的地方色彩,蕴涵浓郁的中古遗风,潮州因而被汉学家誉为“中原文化的典橱”。潮州文化是一种民系文化,为海内外全体潮州人所共有,其涵盖范围甚广,主要包含:

  潮剧 即潮州戏,历史悠久,风采独具。数百年来,潮剧在形成和发展过程中,不断吸收当地民间艺术精华,使其音乐,唱腔,表演形式日趋丰富,逐步形成了自身的风格,成为全国十大剧种之一。潮剧不但活跃于潮汕和闽南地带,在东南亚诸国也有着深远的影响。

  潮州音乐 源远流长,优美动听,驰名中外,它具有独特的艺术风格和浓郁的地方色彩。其表演形式灵活多变,既可表演出千军万马,气势磅薄,壮怀激烈的场面,也可奏出轻快活泼、悠扬悦耳的情调。千百年来,潮州音乐备受世人喜爱和欢迎。

  潮州工艺 琳琅满目,光彩照人,是优秀的潮州文化的一部份,是潮州人民智慧的结晶。潮州的陶瓷,自晋以来,已有深厚的根基,至宋代的笔架山窑,更是名震遐迩。笔架山宋窑有百窑村之称,其瓷器有“白如玉,薄如纸,明如镜,声如磬”的美誉。潮州木雕是工艺美术的佼佼者,在长期的发展过程中,潮州木雕形成了鲜明的风格。潮州有“木雕城”之誉称。潮绣是我国四大名绣之一——粤绣的一大支系。潮绣讲究构图均称,色彩浓烈,富丽堂皇。

  二、名人:自古到今,潮汕地区人杰地灵,人才辈出。其中对我国或潮汕地区社会进步发展作过重要贡献,对民众做过重要好事的着名历史人物,一直受到后人的怀念。

  李嘉诚(1928~ )中国香港企业家。广东潮州人。幼时家境清贫,11岁时因日军入侵而随父流落香港。22岁时创办长江塑料厂,专营玩具和家庭用品。后创办长江实业(集团)有限公司,并成为香港华资地产界屈指可数的几大集团之一。他善于经营多元化集团,成为香港经济界的一条“猛龙”。

  改革开放以后,李嘉诚与内地的合作更为密切。1979年被委任为中国国际信托投资公司董事,负责联系在中国的外国投资。随后,和记黄埔公司大力扩充中国贸易部,通过和记洋行建立与大陆的联系,分别在北京广州上海成立办事处,多方寻求双边贸易、长期投资以及各种可能参与的投资活动。

  在1999年的美国《福布斯》(Forbes)杂志世界富豪排名榜中,李嘉诚排名第10位,是亚洲首富。并被列为“全球十大最具创意和成功商人”之一。


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